Wednesday, March 31, 2021
Wednesday of Holy Week
Deuteronomy, Chapter 20, Verse 8
The officials shall continue to speak to the army: “Is there anyone who is AFRAID and weakhearted? Let him return home, or else he might make the hearts of his fellows melt as his does.”
Fear begets fear and Faith begets faith. Remember everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle and carrying a heavy load.
Do not fear and continue in faith with our fathers knowing that St. Michael, the archangel, is the guardian angel and protector of the Catholic Church.
Some people believe we are on the cusp of the end times. Pope Leo XIII by divine enlightenment was revealed the struggles of the Church against the powers of hell and it was opened to him that hell would be conquered by the intervention of God led by St. Michael the warrior angel. Pope Leo instituted the prayer of St. Michael after Mass.
Saint Michael, the Archangel, defend us in battle; be our protection against the wickedness and snares of the devil. May God rebuke him, we humbly pray, and do thou, O prince of the heavenly host, by the power of God, thrust into Hell, Satan and all the other evil spirits, who prowl throughout the world, seeking the ruin of souls. Amen
Yet, do not fear the end times nor the devil and his cohorts for each time you receive communion you are empowered more then they!
of Holy Week
· Wednesday, the supper and anointing in Bethany at the home of Simon the leper. (Mt 26:6-13; Mk 14:3-9; Jn 12:1-8) Mark’s account is just after he says that it was two days before the Passover.
The Bible doesn't say what the Lord did on the Wednesday
of Passion Week. Scholars speculate that after two exhausting days in
Jerusalem, Jesus and his disciples spent this day resting in Bethany in
anticipation of Passover. Just a short time previously, Jesus had revealed to
the disciples, and the world, that he had power over death
by raising Lazarus from the grave. After seeing this
incredible miracle, many people in Bethany believed that Jesus was the Son of
God and put their faith in him. Also, in Bethany just a few nights earlier,
Lazarus' sister Mary had lovingly anointed the feet of Jesus with expensive
of Holy Week
GRANT, we beseech Thee, Almighty God, that we, who are continually afflicted
through our excesses, may be delivered by the passion of Thy only- begotten
EPISTLE. Isaias Ixii. 11, 12; Ixiii. 1-7
saith the Lord God: Tell the daughter of Sion Be hold thy Savior cometh: behold
His reward is with Him, and His work before Him. And they shall call them, The
holy people, the redeemed of the Lord. But thou shalt be called: A city sought
after, and not forsaken. Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments
from Bosra, this beautiful one in His robe, walking in the greatness of His
speak justice, and am a defender to save. Why then is thy apparel red, and thy
garments like theirs that tread in the wine press?
trodden the wine- press alone, and of the gentile, there is not a man with Me:
I have trampled on them in My indignation, and have trodden them down in My
wrath, and their blood is sprinkled upon My garments, and I have stained all My
apparel. For the day of vengeance is in My heart, the year of My redemption is
come. I looked about, and there was none to help: I sought, and there was none
to give aid: and My own arm hath saved for Me, and My indignation itself hath
helped Me. And I have trodden down the peoples in My wrath, and have made them
drunk in My indignation, and have brought down their strength to the earth. I
will remember the tender mercies of the Lord, the praise of the Lord for all
the things that the Lord our God hath bestowed upon us.
the gospel the Church reads to-day:
THE PASSION OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST,
According to St. Luke xxii. and xxiii.
At that time: The feast of
unleavened bread, which is called the Pasch, was at hand. And the chief priests
and the scribes sought how they might put Jesus to death: but they feared the
people. And Satan entered into Judas who was surnamed Iscariot, one of the
twelve. And he went and discoursed with the chief priests and the magistrates,
how he might betray Him to them. And they were glad, and covenanted to give him
money. And he promised. And he sought opportunity to be tray Him in the absence
of the multitude. And the day of the unleavened bread came, on which it was
necessary that the Pasch should be killed. And He sent Peter and John, saying:
Go and prepare for us the Pasch, that we may eat. But they said, where wilt
Thou that we prepare?
And He said to them: Behold,
as you go into the city, there shall meet you a man
carrying a pitcher of water: follow him into the house where he entereth in:
and you shall say to the goodman of the house: The Master saith to thee: Where
is the guest-chamber, where I may eat the Pasch with My disciples?
And he will show you a large dining-room furnished: and there prepare. And they going, found as He had said to them, and made ready the Pasch. And when the hour was come, He sat down, and the twelve apostles with Him. And He said to them: With desire I have desired to eat this Pasch with you before I suffer. For I say to you, that from this time I will not eat it, till it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God. And having taken the chalice He gave thanks, and said: Take, and divide it among you. For I say to you, that I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, till the kingdom of God come. And taking bread, He gave thanks, and brake: and gave to them, saying: This is My body which is given for you. Do this for a commemoration of Me. In like manner the chalice also, after He had supped, saying: This is the chalice, the New Testament in My blood, which shall be shed for you. But yet behold, the hand of him that betrayeth Me is with Me on the table. And the Son of man indeed goeth, according to that which is determined: but yet wo to that man by whom He shall be betrayed. And they began to inquire among themselves which of them it was that should do this thing. And there was also a strife amongst them, which of them should seem to be greater. And He said to them: The kings of the gentile’s lord it over them: and they that have power over them, are called beneficent. But you not so: but he that is the greater among you, let him become as the younger: and he that is the leader, as he that serveth. For which is greater, he that sitteth at table, or he that serveth? Is not he that sitteth at table? but I am in the midst of you, as He that serveth: and you are they who have continued with Me in My temptations: and I dispose to you, as My Father hath disposed to Me, a kingdom: that you may eat and drink at My table in My kingdom: and may sit upon thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And the Lord said: Simon, Simon, behold Satan hath desired to have you that he may sift you as wheat. But I have prayed for thee that thy faith fail not: and thou being once converted, confirm thy brethren. Who said to Him: Lord, I am ready to go with Thee both into prison and to death. And He said: I say to thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, till thou thrice deniest that thou knowest Me. And He said to them: When I sent you without purse and scrip and shoes, did you want anything?
But they said: Nothing. Then said He unto them: But now he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise a scrip: and he that hath not, let him sell his coat, and buy a sword. For I say to you, that this that is written, must yet be fulfilled in Me: And with the wicked was He reckoned. For the things concerning Me have an end. But they said: Lord, be hold here are two swords. And He said to them: It is enough. And going out He went according to His custom to the Mount of Olives. And His disciples also followed Him. And when He was come to the place, He said to them: Pray, lest ye enter into temptation. And He was withdrawn away from them a stone’s cast: and kneeling down He prayed: saying: Father, if Thou wilt, remove this chalice from Me: but yet not My will, but Thine be done. And there appeared to Him an angel from heaven strengthening Him. And being in an agony, He prayed the longer. And His sweat became as drops of blood trickling down upon the ground. And when He rose up from prayer, and was come to His disciples, He found them sleeping for sorrow. And He said to them: Why sleep you? arise, pray, lest you enter into temptation. As He was yet speaking, behold a multitude: and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near to Jesus for to kiss Him. And Jesus said to him: Judas, dost thou betray the Son of man with a kiss?
And they that were about Him, seeing what would follow, said to Him: Lord, shall we strike with the sword?
And one of them struck the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear. But Jesus answering, said: Suffer ye thus far. And when He had touched his ear, He healed him. And Jesus said to the chief priests, and magistrates of the temple, and the ancients that were come unto Him: Are you come out, as it were against a thief, with swords and clubs?
When I was daily with you in the temple, you did not stretch forth your hands against Me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness. And apprehending Him, they led Him to the high priest’s house. But Peter followed afar off. And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were sitting about it, Peter was in the midst of them. Whom when a certain servant maid had seen him sitting at the light, and had earnestly beheld him, she said: This man also was with Him. But he denied Him, saying: Woman, I know Him not. And after a little while another seeing him, said: Thou also art one of them. But Peter said: O man, I am not. And after the space as it were of one hour, another certain man affirmed, saying: Of a truth this man was also with Him: for he is also a Galilean. And Peter said: Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately as he was yet speaking, the cock crew. And the Lord turning looked on Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, as He had said: Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny Me thrice. And Peter going out wept bitterly. And the men that held Him, mocked Him, and struck Him. And they blindfolded Him, and smote His face. And they asked Him, saying: Prophesy, who is it that struck Thee?
And blaspheming, many other things they said against Him. And as soon as it was day, the ancients of the people, and the chief priests, and scribes came together, and they brought Him into their council, saying: If Thou be the Christ, tell us. And He said to them: If I shall tell you, you will not believe Me. And if I shall also ask you, you will not answer Me, nor let Me go. But hereafter the Son of man shall be sitting on the right hand of the power of God. Then said they all: Art Thou then the Son of God?
Who said: You say that I AM And they said: What need we any farther testimony?
For we ourselves have heard it from His own mouth. And the whole multitude of them rising up, led Him to Pilate. And they began to accuse Him, saying: We have found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Cesar, and saying that He is Christ the King. And Pilate asked Him, saying: Art Thou the King of the Jews?
But He answering, said: Thou sayest it. And Pilate said to the chief priests and to the multitudes: I find no cause in this man. But they were more earnest, saying: He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee to this place. But Pilate hearing Galilee, asked if the man were of Galilee. And when he understood that He was of Herod’s jurisdiction he sent Him away to Herod, who was also himself at Jerusalem in those days. And Herod seeing Jesus was very glad, for he was desirous of a long time to see Him, because he had heard many things of Him: and he hoped to see some sign wrought by Him. And he questioned Him in many words. But He answered him nothing. And the chief priests and the scribes stood by, earnestly accusing Him. And Herod with his army set Him at naught: and mocked Him, putting on Him a white garment, and sent Him back to Pilate. And Herod and Pilate were made friends that same day: for before they were enemies one to another. And Pilate calling together the chief priests, and the magistrates, and the people, said to them: You have presented unto me this man, as one that perverteth the people, and behold I, having examined Him before you, find no cause in this man in those things wherein you accuse Him. No, for Herod neither. For I sent you to him, and behold, nothing worthy of death is done to Him. I will chastise Him therefore, and release Him. Now of necessity he was to release unto them one upon the feast-day. But the whole multitude together cried out, saying: Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas, who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for a murder, was cast into prison. And Pilate again spoke to them, desiring to release Jesus. But they cried again, saying: Crucify Him, crucify Him. And he said to them the third time: Why, what evil hath this man done?
I find no cause of death in Him: I will chastise Him therefore, and let Him go. But they were instant with loud voices requiring that He might be crucified: and their voices prevailed. And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required. And he released unto them him who for murder and sedition had been cast into prison, whom they had desired: but Jesus he delivered up to their will. And as they led Him away, they laid hold of one Simon of Cyrene, coming from the country: and they laid the cross on him to carry after Jesus. And there followed Him a great multitude of people, and of women who bewailed and lamented Him. But Jesus turning to them, said: Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not over Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. For behold the day shall come wherein they will say: Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that have not borne, and the paps that have not given suck. Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, fall upon us: and to the hills, Cover us. For if in the green wood they do these things, what shall be done in the dry?
And there were also two other malefactors led with Him to be put to death. And when they were come to the place which is called Calvary, they crucified Him there: and the robbers, one on the right hand, and the other on the left. And Jesus said: Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do. But they dividing His garments, cast lots. And the people stood beholding, and the rulers with them derided Him, saying: He saved others, let Him save Himself, if He be Christ, the elect of God. And the soldiers also mocked Him, coming to Him, and offering Him vinegar, and saying: If Thou be the King of the Jews, save Thyself. And there was also a superscription written over Him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew: THIS is THE KING OF THE JEWS. And one of these robbers who were hanged, blasphemed Him, saying: If Thou be Christ, save Thyself, and us. But the other answering, rebuked him, saying: Neither dost thou fear God, seeing thou art under the same condemnation?
And we indeed justly, for we
receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done no evil. And he
said to Jesus: Lord, remember me when Thou shalt come into Thy kingdom. And
Jesus said to him: Amen I say to thee, this day thou shalt be with Me in
paradise. And it was almost the sixth hour: and there was darkness over all the
earth until the ninth hour. And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the
temple was rent in the midst. And Jesus crying with a loud voice, said: Father,
into Thy hands I commend My spirit. And saying this, He gave up the ghost. [All
kneel]. Now the centurion seeing what was done, glorified God, saying: Indeed,
this was a just man. And all the multitude of them that were come together to
that sight, and saw the things that were done, returned striking their breasts.
And all His acquaintance, and the women that had followed Him from Galilee,
stood afar off beholding these things. And behold there was a man named Joseph,
who was a counsellor, a good and a just man (the same had not consented to their
counsel and doings), of Arimathea, a city of Judea, who also himself looked for
the kingdom of God. This man went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. And
taking Him down, he wrapped Him in fine linen, and laid Him in a sepulcher that
was hewed in stone, wherein never yet any man had been laid.
INSTRUCTIONS ON TENEBRAE
prayers and chants sung by the choir on the evenings of Wednesday, Thursday,
and Friday of this week are called, Tenebrae. The Church thereby expresses her
grief over the passion and death of Our Savior, and over the sins which were
the cause thereof, in order to move the sinner to return to God.
these matins called, Tenebrae? Because they are usually said in the evening,
and because, also, they are mournful, and call us to sorrow.
this service held at night? In memory:
1. Of the evening when Christ was by force taken prisoner, like a murderer.
2. Of the darkness which lasted three hours at His crucifixion.
3. Of the spiritual darkness, confusion, and grief which prevailed in the minds of His disciples during Our Savior’s passion.
Of the darkness which overspread mankind while Jesus
was suffering for them.
meant by extinguishing, one after another, the twelve lights on the triangular
candlestick, and finally all the rest? The twelve lights signify the twelve
apostles, and the extinguishing of them is to represent how, one after another,
they deserted Jesus. The putting out of all the lights reminds us of the
darkness which prevailed upon the earth at the death of Jesus, of the blindness
of the Jews, and of the gradual extinguishment of belief in Him.
the meaning of the last light, which is hidden for a while, and then brought
forth again when all is ended? It signifies Christ, whose body was buried in
the grave, from which He soon after arose by His own power, and thereby showed
Himself more clearly than before to be the Light of the world.
signified by the noise made at the end of; Tenebrae, while the last light is
hidden? It signifies the earthquake at the death of Jesus.
Wednesday of Holy Week
account of Christ's Passion according to St. Luke during the daily Mass; and
the nocturnal office of Tenebrae, a sustained reflection on the treachery of
Judas, the privation of holiness, and the need for conversion. Tenebrae
consists of the divine office of Matins and Lauds for Maundy Thursday. It is
generally held on the night of "Spy Wednesday" of Holy Week,
so-called because it is believed to be the night on which Judas Iscariot
betrayed our Lord. The service thus explores the nature of Judas' betrayal, the
mental anguish of our suffering Lord, and the desecration of what was once holy
and beautiful. Its ceremonies include the use of a "hearse," a
triangular candelabrum that holds fifteen candles which are successively
extinguished during the liturgy until the entire church is enveloped in
darkness. Only one candle remains lit at the end, which is hidden by the
Epistle side of the altar before the Miserere is chanted. The service concludes
with a banging noise, followed by silence. The extinction of the fourteen
candles calls to mind the fourteen holy men mentioned in the Bible who, from
the foundation of the world to the very threshold of Christ's coming, were slain
by their own wicked brethren. The hiding of the fifteenth candle, on the other
hand, signifies the murder and resurrection of Christ Himself, while the
banging noise commemorates the confusion of nature when its Creator died (Mt.
The Service of shadows is silenced
1955 the three consecutive Tenebrae services for Holy Thursday, Good Friday and
Holy Saturday, including the typical ceremonies such as the extinguishing of
candles, and each of these three services anticipated on the previous day, were
widely celebrated as an integral part of the liturgy of Holy Week in churches
with a sufficient number of clergy wherever the Roman rite was followed. A rich
tradition of music composed for these central occasions had developed. From
1956 to 1970 the practice largely declined:
papal document restored the celebration of Matins and Lauds of Holy Thursday,
Good Friday and Holy Saturday to their original timing as
· morning services, with only a little allowance for anticipating any of them on the evening before. On these three days attention shifted from what became morning services to the services that were now to be held in the afternoon or evening. Communal celebration of Matins and Lauds became limited generally to communities that observed the full Divine Office in congregational form. Matins and Lauds, having lost their exceptional character, provided composers with little incentive to produce new music for them and there was no demand for grand performances of the existing music earlier composed for Tenebrae.
· The Roman Breviary, as updated in 1961, did not mention any specific Tenebrae ceremonies to accompany the no longer anticipated Matins and Lauds of Maundy Thursday, Good Friday and Holy Saturday.
Finally, in the wake of the Second Vatican Council,
Matins and Lauds throughout the year were completely reformed. Matins, for
instance, no longer had the nine psalms and Lauds the five psalms that
determined the number of candles extinguished in the Tenebrae celebration.
Read: “Out of love he chose ‘to empty himself’ and make himself our brother; out of love he shared our condition, that of every man and every woman.” (Pope Benedict XVI, General Audience, April 8, 2009)
Reflect: Watch a video reflection on the day’s readings.
Pray: Pray in thanksgiving for the challenges that were presented to you during this Lenten season and the spiritual growth you experienced.
Before embarking on these next three days of the Triduum, remember that in the
end, God wins the day. Our long fast is followed by the greatest of feasts.
Before long, we will be sharing Easter joy!
Beloved brothers and sisters, we must strive with all our strength to repel the enemy of our souls, with full attention and vigilance, as he rages and aims his darts against every part of us that can be assaulted and wounded. This is what the Apostle Peter, in his epistle, warns.
· “Be sober, be watchful. Your adversary the devil prowls around like a roaring lion, seeking someone to devour” (1 Pt 5: 8).
· He and his forces circle around each of us and watches. When weaknesses are found, the siege forces break through them and then penetrate to the inside.
· The enemy presents to the eye’s seductive images and easy pleasures, so he can destroy chastity through the sense of sight.
· He tempts the ears with seductive music, so that by hearing these sweet sounds, the soul relaxes its guard and loses strength.
· He provokes the tongue by rebukes.
· He instigates the hand to do evil through exasperating wrong.
· He presents the lure of dishonest gains.
· He promises earthly honors so that he can deprive us of heavenly ones.
· He makes a show of false things, so that he can steal away the true ones. And when he can’t deceive through stealth, he threatens explicitly and openly, holding out the fear of violent persecution to vanquish God’s servants.
· For these reasons, beloved brothers and sisters, the mind ought to stand arrayed and armed against all the Devil’s deceiving snares and open threats, as ever ready to repel as the foe is ever ready to attack.
Rene Descartes born March 31, 1596
Rene Descartes (1596-1650), founder of Analytical Geometry and Modern Philosophy
In the beginning of his Meditations (1641) Descartes wrote:
“I have always been of the opinion that the two questions respecting God and the Soul were the chief of those that ought to be determined by help of Philosophy rather than of Theology; for although to us, the faithful, it be sufficient to hold as matters of faith, that the human soul does not perish with the body, and that God exists, it yet assuredly seems impossible ever to persuade infidels of the reality of any religion, or almost even any moral virtue, unless, first of all, those two things be proved to them by natural reason. And since in this life there are frequently greater rewards held out to vice than to virtue, few would prefer the right to the useful, if they were restrained neither by the fear of God nor the expectation of another life.” (Descartes 1901).
“It is absolutely true that we must believe in God, because it is also taught by the Holy Scriptures. On the other hand, we must believe in the Sacred Scriptures because they come from God.” (Descartes 1950, Letter of Dedication).
“And thus, I very clearly see that the certitude and truth of all science depends on the knowledge alone of the true God, insomuch that, before I knew him, I could have no perfect knowledge of any other thing. And now that I know him, I possess the means of acquiring a perfect knowledge respecting innumerable matters, as well relative to God himself and other intellectual objects as to corporeal nature.” (Descartes 1901, Meditation V).
Every Wednesday is Dedicated to St. Joseph
The Italian culture has always had a close association with St. Joseph perhaps you could make Wednesdays centered around Jesus’s Papa. Plan an Italian dinner of pizza or spaghetti after attending Mass as most parishes have a Wednesday evening Mass. You could even do carry out to help restaurants. If you are adventurous you could do the Universal Man Plan: St. Joseph style. Make the evening a family night perhaps it could be a game night. Whatever you do make the day special.
· Litany of the Most Precious Blood of Jesus
Lush and blooming vistas beckon us to take to the road and to explore. As we itch to go out and travel more in springtime, let us reflect on the mixed blessings. Interconnected communities and beautiful scenery are often coupled with air pollution, consumption of scarce petroleum, congestion, excessive mobility, and noise.
Overview of April
The month of April is dedicated to The Holy Spirit. The first three days of the month fall during the season of Lent which is represented by the liturgical color purple — a symbol of penance, mortification and the sorrow of a contrite heart. The remainder of April falls during the Easter season which is represented by the liturgical color white — the color of light, a symbol of joy, purity and innocence (absolute or restored).
After our solemn commemoration of the last days and death of Our Lord we will spend the month of April celebrating. As Spring breaks forth even nature will join us as buds and blooms begin to surface and we spend this month basking in the joy of the Resurrection. We continue throughout the entire month our cry, "Christ is risen, Christ is truly risen." The Feast of Divine Mercy offers us the opportunity to begin again as though we were newly baptized. The unfathomable mercy of God is made manifest today if we but accept His most gracious offer. Easter is the feast of feasts, the unalloyed joy and gladness of all Christians. This truly is "the day that the Lord has made." From Sunday to Sunday, from year to year, the Easters of this earth will lead us to that blessed day on which Christ has promised that He will come again with glory to take us with Him into the kingdom of His Father.
· The saints that we will focus on this month — those who have already shared in the rewards of the Resurrection — are St. Martin I (April 13), St. Bernadette (April 16), St. Anselm (April 21), St. George and St. Adalbert (April 23), St. Fidelis of Sigmaringen (April 24), Our Lady of Good Counsel (April 26), St. Louis Mary de Montfort and St. Peter Chanel (April 28), St. Catherine of Siena (April 29) and St. Pius V (April 30).
· The feast of St. Mark (April 25) falls on Sunday and are superseded the Sunday liturgy. The feasts of St. Francis of Paola (April 2), St. Isidore (April 4), St. Vincent Ferrer (April 5), St. John Baptist de la Salle (April 7) are superseded by the Holy Week and Easter Week Liturgies.
April is also:
· Jazz Appreciation Month
· Month of the Military Child
Goffines Devout Instructions, 1896
 Thigpen, Paul. Manual for Spiritual Warfare. TAN Books.