St. Simon is represented in art with a saw, the instrument of his martyrdom. St. Jude's square points him out as an architect of the house of God. St. Paul called himself by this name; and St. Jude, by his Catholic Epistle, has also a special right to be reckoned among our Lord's principal workmen. But our apostle had another nobility, far surpassing all earthly titles: being nephew, by his father Cleophas or Alpheus, to St. Joseph, and legal cousin to the Man-God, Jude was one of those called by their compatriots the brethren of the carpenter's Son. We may gather from St. John's Gospel another precious detail concerning him. In the admirable discourse at the close of the last Supper, our Lord said: "He that loveth Me, shall be loved of My Father: and I will love him and will manifest Myself to him." Then Jude asked Him: "Lord, how is it, that Thou wilt manifest Thyself to us, and not to the world?" And he received from Jesus this reply: "If any one love Me, he will keep My word, and My Father will love him, and We will come to him, and will make Our abode with him. He that loveth Me not keepeth not My word. And the word which you have heard is not Mine, but the Father's who sent Me."
Levels of TzedakahCertain kinds of tzedakah are considered more meritorious than others. The describes these different levels of tzedakah, and organized them into a list. The levels of charity, from the least meritorious to the most meritorious, are:
- Giving begrudgingly
- Giving less that you should but giving it cheerfully.
- Giving after being asked
- Giving before being asked
- Giving when you do not know the recipient's identity, but the recipient knows your identity
- Giving when you know the recipient's identity, but the recipient doesn't know your identity
- Giving when neither party knows the other's identity
- Enabling the recipient to become self-reliant
- Care for the poor;
- Strengthening families;
- Maintaining progressivity of the tax code;
- Raising adequate revenue for the common good;
- Avoiding cuts to poverty programs to finance tax reform; and
- Incentivizing charitable giving and development.
World Hepatitis Day was proclaimed by the World Health Organization. It is celebrated annually on July 28th.
- Hepatitis A is usually transmitted by consuming contaminated food or water or coming into contact with an infected person's feces.
- Hepatitis B is a sexually transmitted disease. It is transmitted through exposure to infected blood or body fluids.
- Hepatitis B is spread via blood of an infected person.
- Hepatitis can also be caused by alcohol and other toxins and infections.